It looks like you’re missing the standard io libraries – this is not too surprising since it’s exactly what the error message said was conflicting with mpi.h.
Ultimately I think the better solution is to install a version of MPI that does not have an mpi.h that conflicts with your stdio.h.
Failing that – there are a vanishingly small number of files in Rosetta that use mpi.h. The original error suggests moving those headers to the top of those files. Why not try that?